Hello guys, welcome to my fibres and materials sequence. On this video, phase one, i will be speaking about some normal materials that you just possible have or will come across. And what the professionals and cons are for both day-to-day use and the environmental influence. Section two might be about vegan artificial versus animal materials. And section three will be all about upcycled and recycled substances. So undoubtedly verify those out as well. So first up is cotton, and i’m going to comprise time codes below for the exclusive materials if you wish to soar forward or reference targeted ones. Cotton is commonly the most common fabric and it is a average fibre, it comes from the cotton plant And it’s: smooth, breathable (which means that air can transfer through it and moisture can evaporate via it), convenient to clean (it is machine washable), absorbent, versatile ( there is plenty of exclusive varieties of cotton materials and clothes), it is excellent for humans with allergic reactions or skin sensitivities The cons are that it would not maintain dye relatively good so it fades extra time and can also bleed even as being washed.It wrinkles, it could actually lessen in hot water, chiefly the primary time it is washed. The environmental pros are that it’s biodegradable. And the environmental cons are that it wishes a variety of water to develop. It’s also typically bleached and chemically treated and dyed. Cotton additionally has one of the perfect pesticide makes use of for plants. And it can be frequently GMO as well. But these two matters are averted by buying healthy cotton. Next is Linen, and it can be yet another ordinary material It comes from the flax plant and it was used all of the approach again in ancient Egypt. And linen as a fibre is: breathable, durable, lightweight, absorbent, it’s in general very cool and excellent for summer season, I additionally read that it can be antimicrobial however I wasn’t capable to find very much in-depth understanding to back that up The cons are that’s wrinkles without problems It generally requires gentler or hand washing and sometimes there’s false linen or ‘linen look’ material so that you ought to watch out of that. The environmental execs are that it requires little pesticides and water to grow, in particular compared to cotton.And it’s biodegradable. And the cons are that it will possibly normally be dyed with toxic chemicals but it depends upon the way it’s made. One more plant fibre is hemp. And it comes from the hashish plant but a style that is most effective used for hemp creation. And as a fibre it’s: long lasting, absorbent, it becomes softer with put on and washing, it’s breathable and it will also be hypoallergenic.The cons are that it could actually mostly be tough, it wrinkles and one of a kind countries mostly have very strict legal guidelines around growing and processing hemp. So there are difficulties around that with hemp fabric construction. The environmental execs are that it doesn’t require pesticides or lots of water to develop, It would not burn up vitamins and minerals from the soils so it’s a fairly good crop. It is biodegradable and seeing that it is very durable the garments frequently last lengthy And for environmental cons, I fairly could not to find some thing. It is in actual fact obvious as being the most eco-friendly material. Then there is polyester, which is likely the most normal artificial fibre. It is produced from petrochemicals and is: wrinkle resistant, durable, it dries rapidly it is colourfast, it can be computing device washable it tends to preserve it is shape well and it is low-priced. The cons are that it would not breathe which will additionally cause it to end up stinky, it builds up static and it could possibly additionally irritate the skin.An environmental pro is that it can be recycled but this does require another chemical process. And the environmental cons are that it would not biodegrade, fibres come off of it when it is being washed and people turn out to be polluting the ocean, it’s energy intensive and really polluting to make, poisonous chemicals are used to make it and it’s also very intricate to dye which requires a number of chemical compounds. Then we’ve got wool. Wool is a normal protein fibre like your hair. And it most commonly comes from sheep however may additionally come from alpacas, goats and other animals. Wool as a fibre is: very warm (it is even heat when wet), waterproof, long lasting, very absorbent, flame resistant and hypoallergenic. The cons are that it shrinks in scorching water, it ought to be hand washed or dry cleaned, it will possibly tablet and depending on the type of wool, it may be itchy or nerve-racking to the skin.The environmental professionals are that it is effortlessly dyed, which frequently approach there are less harsh chemicals used, it is biodegradable and due to the fact that it can be very long lasting it signifies that the garment will traditionally put on rather good and can be stored for a very long time. The environmental cons are that since it comes from an animal there are problems and considerations across the remedy and care and health of those animals. And i’ll talk extra about that partially two. Toxic chemical substances and pesticides may also be used and this may also be avoided through watching for healthy wool. Next is acrylic which is a synthetic petrochemical fibre. It was developed to be a man made substitute to wool and it is: light-weight, delicate, colourfast, computing device washable and affordable. The cons are that it tends to tablet readily it would not breathe, it builds up static.For the environmental professionals, I relatively couldn’t in finding anything. And the cons are that it does not biodegrade, it can be now not without difficulty recycled, there are toxic chemical compounds used to make it, it’s vigor intensive and once more fibres wash off of it that finish polluting the oceans. Then there may be silk which is a ordinary protein fibre. It comes from the cocoon of the silk worm. And it’s: very soft, it has a common sheen, it is lightweight has a excellent drape, so it often looks very excellent in apparel and it can be generally excellent for very touchy epidermis. The cons are that it can be steeply-priced, it requires hand washing or dry cleansing, it’s no longer very long lasting and it can be inclined to discolouration from sunlight or perspiration. The environmental pros are that it’s biodegradable, and it dyes very conveniently. And the environmental cons are that the silk worms are truly killed in the approach of harvesting the silk from the cocoons so it isn’t in any respect an moral or vegan fabric.Next is nylon an extra artificial created from petrochemicals It was once developed to be a synthetic replacement for silk. And it is: robust, climate resistant, versatile, water repellent, computing device washable, it dries rapidly and it can be low-priced. The cons are that some varieties of nylon build up static, it may possibly irritate dermis The environmental pros are that it is a lovely durable fabric so the garment will mainly last a long time And for the cons, like with polyester, fibres come off when it’s washed that become polluting the oceans, poisonous chemical compounds are used to make it, there are quite a lot of hazardous emissions, it is vigor intensive and it’s now not biodegradable. Then there may be spandex, also referred to as elastane or lycra. It is a very elastic fibre additionally made from petrochemicals. And it can be almost always determined blended with different fibres. It’s: stretchy, it helps clothes preserve their form, and it will probably support with fit. The cons are that it breaks down over time, it could actually additionally end up brittle and yellow. The environmental pros are that it could aid make clothes not stretch out and the environmental cons are that it does not biodegrade, it can be vigour intensive and polluting to make and toxic chemical compounds are used.Eventually there may be a few naturally derived synthetic fibres. The first i will speak about is rayon and it’s specially created from a wooden pulp that goes through a chemical method. And as a fibres it is: gentle, low-cost, absorbent, anti-static, (unlike other artificial substances), The cons are that it is now not very long lasting, it tends to tablet, it wrinkles, it loses strength when wet and may easily turn out to be misshapen and it additionally shrinks very comfortably. I honestly could not rather to find any environment pros for rayon except for the fact that it uses much less poisonous chemical compounds than different synthetics however there is nonetheless poisonous chemical compounds, so I nonetheless see that as a con. Considering it’s a timber pulp it could contribute to deforestation and it is vigor intensive to make. There may be also bamboo and the vast majority of bamboo is surely bamboo viscose or a bamboo rayon And nations have exclusive laws about whether or not or now not it has to be labeled as viscose derived from bamboo or a bamboo rayon. However truly it’s the same system as rayon but as an alternative of using wooden pulp, they use bamboo. And as a fibre it’s soft, breathable, very absorbent, and likewise does not build up static. The cons are that like rayon, some bamboo fabrics will pill relatively without difficulty and i like I stated one-of-a-kind nations will have extraordinary ideas as the way it’s supposed to be labeled so that can be confusing. The environmental execs are that bamboo is very renewable to grow and requires little water and pesticides. And the cons are that there are still poisonous chemical substances used to make the fabric, and it is power intensive. And the final fibre i’m going to talk about is lyocell or tencel. And it can be yet another naturally derived artificial constructed from wood pulp. And it is: tender, very absorbent, resistant to wrinkles, versatile, long lasting, breathable, anti-static and likewise claims to be hypoallergenic. The cons are that it can tablet effectively and likewise repeatedly wishes distinctive care. The environmental professionals are that it’s biodegradable, it is made in a closed loop procedure so the chemicals are recycled. And it is a lot much less poisonous to produce than other synthetics and natural synthetics like rayon. The cons are that it is nonetheless uses particularly a bit of of energy to produce and on account that it does come from timber pulp it might also contribute to deforestation but overall it is the most environmentally friendly synthetic fabric. So of direction there are also different substances than the ones I’ve recounted and you can also seemingly to find a variety of blends. And blends can combine the benefits of each materials however it might additionally negate a few of them. For illustration, a polyester/cotton mixture will mean that the item is now not biodegradable. As you may have quite often seen, no material is superb. And it is nearly attempting your first-rate to make instructed selections and in addition identifying the right substances for the perform of the garment. I in my view try to stick to typical materials for each remedy and environmental motives.Nevertheless it doesn’t make sense always. For instance with swimwear, it makes way more sense to have anything that does not soak up water and dries swiftly. So i am hoping you have observed this fascinating and probably realized some thing. Please let me comprehend in the feedback if they are any pros or cons that I neglected. Thank you so much for looking at and i’m going to see you within the subsequent one. .